Choosing OS for mining cryptocurrencies on video cards

miningrig_gpuIn addition to a careful selection of components when creating mining rigs based on video cards, it is also worth paying attention to the choice of an operating system (OS), which will be responsible for the management, efficiency and reliability of all equipment. Today, for mining, use Windows of various generations. Linux distributions and various specialized Linux mining builds. And as a rule, each option has its drawbacks and advantages, which we will cover in this material, which will help you make the right choice based on your preferences and financial capabilities.

For clarity, information on operating systems will be presented in tabular form:

OS Advantages Disadvantages Cost
Windows 7

Reliable and stable OS, wide possibilities for customization of both the OS itself and equipment (overclocking, downvolting). A large selection of miners and other programs for monitoring and controlling a computer.

Requires less video memory than Windows 10.

The OS sees no more than 4 video cards. To increase the limit to 6 or 8 video cards, you need to edit the registry. There may be compatibility issues with new hardware, drivers, and programs. It takes a lot of time and knowledge on setting up programs and the OS itself for mining.

Is free

It works without activation with sufficient functionality for mining. After half a year of operation without activation, forced daily reboots are possible.

Windows 8 It is similar to Windows 7 with less stability, but newer. Requires less video memory than Windows 10.

The OS is initially also limited to 4 video cards, but can be increased to 8. Setting up the OS for mining is similar to other Microsoft OSs.

Is free

It works without activation with sufficient functionality for mining

Windows 10

INSTALL and CONFIGURATION

 

Installation of up to 12 video cards of one manufacturer (amd or nvidia) is available.

The latest version of Windows supports all new hardware, drivers, and software.

Like all Windows, it requires a specific configuration for mining, as well as the installation and configuration of mining software. It takes up more than 700MB of video memory, which can be critical for mining some cryptocurrencies.

Demanding on computer resources.

 

Is free

It works without activation with sufficient functionality for mining

Linux (Ubuntu, Debian, CentOS and etc) Available to install up to 16 graphics cards, the minimum requirements for computer resources, low utilization of video memory graphics cards.  Working with Linux distributions requires above average PC skills. Little information on setting up the OS and hardware for mining on Linux.

 

Is free

Some distributions may be paid. 

HiveOS

INSTALLATION AND SETUP 

 All the pros of regular Linux distributions

Popular OS for mining based on Linux. The widest possibilities for setting up, monitoring mining rigs. Supports over 50 miners

To install, you need USB-Flash on 16Gb

Not always promptly adding new versions of miners.

 1-4 rigs for free. 5 or more 3USD rigs per month for 1 rig or 3% commission on the HiveOn pool.

30% discount when paying for 3 months.

MinerBabe

 All the pros of regular Linux distributions

Supports 25 miners. Overclocking and flashing vBIOS is available.

To install, you need USB-Flash on 4Gb

 Not always promptly adding new versions of miners.  Commission from mining 1%
SimpleMining

 All the pros of regular Linux distributions

In its capabilities, it is similar to HiveOS, plus voltage and operating time management is available if the cost of your electricity changes over time. Supports over 60 miners

To install, you need USB-Flash on 8Gb

Not always promptly adding new versions of miners. The trial period of 7 days is free for 1 rig. 1USD-2USD per month from 1 Rig depending on the quantity.
RaveOS

 All the pros of regular Linux builds.

Functionality at the level of the best mining assemblies. Fast miner updates. Convenient and quick setup.

Supports 50 miners.

There are applications for Android and iOS

To install, you need USB-Flash on 4Gb

No major flaws  1-3 rigs for free. 4 or more rigs 2USD per month for 1 rig
MinerOS

 All the pros of regular Linux builds.

It supports 24 miners, mining is possible on the processor. Constant miner updates every 3-4 days

To install, you need USB-Flash on 8Gb

Limited functionality for managing and monitoring mining rigs.  1-3 rigs for free, 4 or more rigs 1USD per month from 1 rig
MiningOS (MsOS)

 All the pros of regular Linux builds.

Well-designed OS. The project is from the Minerstat.com team.

Supports 38 miners.

To install, you need USB-Flash on 16Gb

 Limited functionality for managing and monitoring mining rigs.

Not always promptly adding new versions of miners.

1 free worker, 1,8EUR per month for one worker (no more than 16GPU or 1 Asic per 1 worker)

NicehashOS

INSTALLATION AND SETUP

 

All the pros of regular Linux distributions

OS from the popular Nicehash service, the simplest interface, automatic switching to the most profitable mining algorithm, automatic conversion of payments to BTC.

The easiest option for beginner miners.

To install enough USB Flash to 4Gb

There is no way to fine-tune video cards for a particular mining algorithm, you cannot select an algorithm for mining manually.  Commission from mining 1%
Perfectmine.io

 All the pros of regular Linux distributions

It has sufficient functionality to work with mining rigs.

 

 A limited set of supported cryptocurrencies and miners. Rare updates.

To install, you need USB Flash on 32Gb

 Commission 0.7-1.1% or 3USD for 1 rig per month
Os.dog

 All the pros of regular Linux distributions

Supports 25 miners.

To install enough USB Flash to 8Gb

 The minimum necessary functionality for managing and monitoring mining rigs.

Not always promptly adding new versions of miners.

Free
AuraOS

 

All the pros of regular Linux distributions

To install enough USB Flash to 8Gb

 Minimum functionality about configuration, management and monitoring. Unstable work. A limited number of supported miners and cryptocurrencies. Up to 50 rigs or asics for free
ETHOS

 All the pros of regular Linux distributions

The first specialized OS for mining, exists since 2016.

Supports 20 miners.

To install enough USB Flash to 8Gb

 Not updated since October 2018. Despite this, about 21,000 rigs are still running on this OS.

It is focused on cryptocurrency mining using the Ethash algorithm (ethereum).

9USD-39USD one-time purchase of a license for one rig. The price depends on the number of purchased licenses.
PIMPOS

 All the pros of regular Linux distributions

Supports 28 miners.

To install enough USB Flash to 16Gb

Rarely updated - once every 1-2 months 30-35USD license for one rig without time limit.
NVOS (Openrig) All the pros of regular Linux distributions

 Only supports Nvidia graphics cards.

Registration is only possible for IP from the USA

Minimum opportunities for mining rigs

 Mining commission 0.05%
RXOS All the pros of regular Linux distributions

 

Only supports AMD graphics cards.

Minimum opportunities for mining rigs

The project is not developing

 

 Recommendations on choosing an operating system for mining rigs based on GPU.

Windows OS as a basis for mining rigs will not be the worst choice, as Offers ample opportunities for configuring miners and remote control. When you only have one or more rigs in an easily accessible room for maintenance, then Windows will be the best choice. You will only need to configure the system for yourself. For a change, you can try Linux or specialized Linux mining assemblies, which often for beginners with 1-3 rigs miners offer completely free maintenance (HiveOS, RaveOS, MinerOS). Sometimes such transitions from Windows to Linux are forced due to the higher performance of video cards on a particular algorithm under Linux or in general the ability to work only under Linux due to video memory limitations.

When servicing dozens or even hundreds of GPU rigs, the question of convenience and speed of service already arises here and specialized mining operating systems are much better than Windows - due to quick installation and configuration, convenient monitoring, and quick update of miners on all mining rigs with one button. That saves a lot of time and the fee for mining Linux assemblies with such a volume of work seems economically feasible. Because reduces the cost of maintenance personnel, which is simply necessary for large mining farms.

If for a home miner you can choose any of the operating systems that liked, then for a large mining business it is better to stay on proven solutions that will provide you and your customers with the best support and functionality service. Only a few solutions have such a set of qualities: HiveOS, SimpleMining , and the growing RaveOS.

For those who are new to setting up computers, but still want to do mining, pay attention to NiceHash OS, which offers the easiest way to start making money on mining, you just need to figure out how to write the OS image to a flash.